I don’t think there’s anything more confronting than images of war. There was a slide in the lecture that really made me think- “Whose pain are            we emphasising- the pain of the victim or the pain of the viewer?”


I have lived a ‘privileged life’ I have not been struck by a country in poverty or war, have not lived through a massacre or not seen the horror of destruction and disaster to my home or family. However, I have seen this happen to others in my world around me through my TV and computer screen and can remember thinking ‘oh thank god that’s not me’. Does this make me morally wrong for thinking so? Did I feel a sense of enjoyment out of watching others suffer whilst knowing I wasn’t?


GEORGE GITTOES- A witness to war

Australian Artist and Filmmaker


“With global vision, George Gittoes has set up mobile studios for three decades, creating works in regions of conflict and upheaval around the world. He has worked in North America, Central America, Europe, the Middle East, the Sub Continent, Far East, Asia Pacific and Africa, creating works in both traditional and digital mediums, still and moving images, within a matrix of cultural interfaces. “Why do I do it? As far as choosing the roads I have travelled, I have this instinct that if I get comfortable, the work will lose its ‘sting’, so I go out of the comfort zones and into the wilderness to find my art. In the past it was the natural world where predators fed on gentler creatures. In the contemporary context, I go alone into a different kind of human wilderness – Rwanda, Bosnia, Afghanistan, Iraq – not to contemplate nature, but the basics of humanity…” (


Gitteos pieces ‘Rwanda Maconde’ (1995) are some of the most confronting images I have seen of suffering in my lifetime. His oil painting reflects the horror and suffering of child soldiers during a massacre in Africa during a civil war. Gitteos is praised by the (SMH) for exposing injustice for more than 45 years as a humanist artist, activist and filmmaker; for his courage to witness and confront violence in the war zones of the world; for enlisting the arts to subdue aggression and for enlivening the creative spirit to promote tolerance, respect and peace with justice”. As an artist, Gittoes feeds off the horrors of humanity from which most people prefer to avert their eyes – or which they simply cannot comprehend. “The world hasn’t been allowed to forget what happened to the Jews in Germany, so why should they be allowed to forget what happened to the Africans in Rwanda?” he asks.


When anyone looks at these paintings they feel sorrow and sadness towards them they’re challenging, raw and confronting. They make you never want to have to experience this nor anyone else. Then I ask this… why do so many young people have so much enjoyment when it comes to playing video games based on world or civil wars?

I have many male family members and friends who are obsessed with games like ‘Call of Duty’, ‘Battlefield’ and ‘Sniper Elite’. This makes me wonder, if they were to see these oil paintings or pieces this artist has to show and the stories that are behind them would they feel the way Gitteos intended them to feel? I think it’s highly likely. So why then would similar tales and journeys be purchased in video game form for entertainment? Aren’t the ideas and concepts somewhat real?


I think its common fact that people hide away from the harsh realities of war and if it’s on your gaming console created by some writers and game designers and with the flick of a button you can turn it off and make it not seem real. There are so many ethical lines to be drawn and a major grey area in which we stimulate the realness of war in our minds.


  • Lauren



Gittoes, G. (2017). GEORGE GITTOES: Witness to a War. [online] Available at: [Accessed Mar. 2017].

Rasmussen, S. (2017). George Gittoes and the art of war. [online] The Sydney Morning Herald. Available at: [Accessed Mar. 2017].



 Until this lecture I had never head of the move ‘Blackfish’ and if I was scrolling through my Netflix options I probably would not have chosen it as something to watch. Until this lecture I never would of associated mental health with an animal in particular an orca.


‘Blackfish tells the story of Tilikum, a performing killer whale that killed several people while in captivity. Along the way, director-producer Gabriela Cowperthwaite compiles shocking footage and emotional interviews to explore the creature’s extraordinary nature, the species’ cruel treatment in captivity, the lives and losses of the trainers and the pressures brought to bear by the multi-billion-dollar sea-park industry.

This emotionally wrenching, tautly structured story challenges us to consider our relationship to nature and reveals how little we humans have learned from these highly intelligent and enormously sentient fellow mammals.’


I remember IMG_5094 2when I was 10 years old and going to SeaWorld on the Gold Coast for the very first time with my family. I remember thinking how amazing it would be to be able to come to this beautiful place every single day and work with such beautiful sea animals get to play and live in the sunshine swim whenever you wanted and walk around and see all the attractions whenever you felt like it. I remember my favourite animal of the day was the dolphins and the beautiful showcase they and the trainers put on. That day I used most of my holiday spending money to purchase a giant stuffed dolphin toy from the crowded and chaotic SeaWorld store along with a dolphin drink bottle and other sea world paraphernalia that showcased all the animals the park had. I was encapsulated and in awe of the world around me and left with a feeling of astoundement a stuffed toy in my arm, a bit of sunburn and then popped in our hire car drove off. I left my holiday and that day in particular with a good feeling a ‘memory to last a lifetime’ and continued on with my own life.


After watching Blackfish, I was left with a sense of guilt and sadness. As I’ve grown into a young adult I’ve struggled with mental health issues and seen the negative affects mental health can have on people and societies never before seeing this movie would I think of associating mental health problems to an animal kept in captivity. Oh how I was wrong.

I wonder how many people would think about where those animals came to be or where they swim off too after doing a few flips and catching some fish in their mouths for foreign onlookers, because I know I never did. When watching Blackfish, I was horrified at watching a creature being scooped out of its natural habitat and birthplace, flown thousands of kilometres to only be dropped back into a foreign country, concrete pool and trained to do tricks for a few shows a week only to swim back into another concrete pool and do it all again the next day.

The images and stories in this film made me feel a sense of extreme empathy towards the creatures in the film. And made me question my ethical and moral obligation to animals kept in captivity for entertainment purposes. The main question running through my mind is where do we draw the line? If an Orca kept in captivity can attain such a high degree of depression and insanity to the point where they just cannot control their own feelings, what’s to say that other animals cant?

Here I find myself torn because in hindsight going to a zoo or an aquarium can be such an enjoyable day out with family and friends. But what happens when the lights go out? What happens when the animals stop seeing the thousands of faces and cultures bypass them? And how do all these exotic and foreign animals come to be?


This topic has a plethora of avenues to discuss about. Since watching this movie it has prompted me to not want to further support the corporations of animal adventure parks after I was able to see ‘human’ feelings and emotions through the journey of a whale. I Googled if Tilikum was still alive, I found that in January of this year he had passed away, I don’t think a story of an animal has ever touched me as much as It has by this one. Tilikums story had got me thinking in a way I never thought I’d think about animals in captivity before. It was distressing to think that we as humans have so much freedom of choice and life and get to experience all the natural rhythms of life the way they were intended for us. Why shouldn’t it be the same for an Orca? or for any animal kept in captivity for that matter.



  • Lauren




Blackfish. (2016). About. [online] Available at: [Accessed Mar. 2017].



When you Google definition of the word ‘selfie’ this is what you get.




a photograph that one has taken of oneself, typically one taken with a smartphone or webcam and shared via social media.

We (myself being categorised as one) millennials take the most amount of selfies out of any generation. with constant progress, updates and advances of social media platforms, smart phones and camera quality you can somehow see how this allows us to continually be uploading and updating photos of ourselves. A recent study found that average millennial will spend about an hour a week to take up to 25,700 selfies in their lifetime ( Millennials are deemed by an online sphere as self-obsessed young adults who are drawn to taking pictures of themselves.


Most famous for her self- obsessed online persona is reality star ‘Kim Kardashian’ who in 2015 published a book full of self-portraits called ‘Selfish’. There are 445 pages of self-photos of Kim chronologically ordered taking us on a journey of her life through images of the self. The evolution of her public and private selves gets fully entangled ( and Kim opts to encapsulate a modernised way of self-portraits and imaging and presents the image of a selfie in a simplistic and some critics would say narcissist way. Because of her widespread fame and controversial lifestyle and choices, her book presented to the world a negative view of how the selfie can be portrayed and its deeper meaning.


I have never believed of the selfie than being just a picture on a screen. When looking at our reading a selfie can be defined as “First and foremost, a selfie is a photographic object that initiates the transmission of human feeling in the form of a relationship (between photographer and photographed, between image and filtering software, between viewer and viewed, between individuals circulating images, between users and social software architectures, etc.). A selfie is also a practice—a gesture that can send (and is often intended to send) different messages to different individuals, communities, and audiences. This gesture may be dampened, amplified, or modified by social media censorship, social censure, misreading of the sender’s original intent, or adding additional gestures to the mix, such as likes, comments, and remixes”.

I sat in this lecture and remember the first thing I thought of when I heard the word ‘selfie’ it wasn’t a photo of a young person taken on a smartphone then uploaded to Instagram, or a famous reality star showing off her lavish lifestyle to others in an almost 500 book. It was pieces of art, famous and deep pieces of self-art that have embodied themselves into history and all the surreal ways and forms we can see ourselves… For most of my ‘millennial’ life I have always been fascinated with the life of now deceased painter Frida Kahlo. Frida was a Mexican artist, feminist, activist and woman who painted self-portraits commentating her inner self. She is “remembered for her self-portraits, pain and passion, and bold, vibrant colours. She is celebrated in Mexico for her attention to Mexican and indigenous culture and by feminists for her depiction of the female experience and form”( Her surreal depictions of herself I feel is a very confronting way of dealing with herself and the turmoil she felt throughout her life and towards politics in her country and her macro world. To her the selfie was an important depiction of letting out feeling, pain and suffering and empowering all the highs and lows of the female form.

The ‘selfie’ over time has evolved in many ways and to me is so much more than just a picture uploaded to a social media platform. The selfie I have always seen as not something to be defined as a narcissist way of viewing yourself but a form of the utmost and personal way of self-expression. The selfie is to love and to loathe, to reflect and to observe to help yourself see yourself in many different lights and expressions. Not to always class self-expression and interest in a negative light but to allow and empower love of one self and encapsulate yourself to an audience.


  • Lauren



Bennett, L. (2015). Self-Publishing. [online] Available at: http://Self-Publishing [Accessed Mar. 2017]. (2017). Frida Kahlo – Paintings, Biography, and Quotes of Frida Kahlo. [online] Available at: [Accessed Mar. 2017].

Papisova, V. (2016). Fun Fact: Millennials Dedicate One Hour Each Week to Selfies. [online] Teen Vouge. Available at: [Accessed Mar. 2017].

SENFT, T. and BAYM, N. (2017). What Does the Selfie Say? Investigating a Global Phenomenon. [online] page 2. Available at: [Accessed Mar. 2017].

What is the value of citizen journalism?


‘We live in a global age. We inhabit a world that has become radically interconnected, interdependent, and communicated in the formations and flows of the media (Allan and Thorsen, 2009)’. The concept of citizen journalism also known as public, participatory, democratic, guerrilla or ‘street’ journalism is based upon public citizens ‘playing an active role in the process of collecting, reporting, analysing, and disseminating news and information’. Citizen journalism is on the rise in our digital world where there is a plethora of media platforms with millions of members where the guerrilla journalist can have a voice.


This purpose of this digital project aims to discover the value of citizen journalism in contemporary society. Citizen journalism has become a long standing trend for the contemporary world of news-telling. The unlimited access modern day society has to social media platforms for journalist is a key element into how stories are shared, viewed and discussed the unlimited access we have now has also opened up a platform for the unofficial to also share their views in a public sphere with minimal censorship and freedom of speech and a plethora for social change and debate. The term ‘citizen journalist’ can include ‘acitivies such as re-posting, linking, ‘tagging’, rating, modifying or commenting upon news materials posted by other users or by professional news outlets, whereby citizens participate in the news process without necessarily acting as content creators’ (L, Goode, 2009) the definition of citizen journalists does not have specific boundaries (Lasica, 2003). The history of citizen journalism ‘divides broadly into two threads, one about change and one about continuity (D Matherson, 2014).


Citizen journalists can be seen over all media platforms and express and report news, issues and controversial topics in a variety of ways… social media hold an important value in the story telling of news and perspective especially with the censorship and regulation of traditional media forms allows a broader platform for communication and relevant to real time issues. Citizen journalism allows for informal views and perspectives that shape society and also lead as platforms for social change and thought, allows for open minded perspectives and understandings with more unofficial, unbiased views.


Citizen Journalists in Social Media.


Twitter in contemporary society can now be referred to as an ‘information network’ separating itself from defining itself as a ‘social network’ like other media platforms. Author Nick Bolton’s ‘Hatching Twitter: A True Story of Money, Power, Friendship, and Betrayal’, 2013 book outlines how Twitter can be seen as a ‘real-time’ news source. According to a study conducted in 2015 concluded that Twitter was a main source for discovering and finding breaking news “Although both social networks have the same portion of users getting news on these sites, there are significant differences in their potential news distribution strengths. The proportion of users who say they follow breaking news on Twitter, for example, is nearly twice as high as those who say they do so on Facebook (59% vs. 31%) – lending support, perhaps, to the view that Twitter’s great strength is providing as-it-happens coverage and commentary on live events.”

Citizen journalism in social media has help lead to revolutionary events and protests empowering the average citizen with access and information in real time, they can source, access and post freely in a public space. Allowing the use of media devices in public spaces (Week 6) allows for anyone, anywhere at any time to capture, write and post in real time and share instantaneously online. Twitter is an easy way to communicate to a wide macro audience, news feeds can be personalised and shared and with the use of ‘trending hashtags’ people. From my personal researching studies, I conducted an online survey with a series of questions to help gain a basic understanding of how generation Y view the term ‘citizen journalist’

 When you hear the word ‘citizen journalist’ what comes to mind?


 ‘A citizen that doesn’t necessarily have a job in journalism, but performs journo duties for their own leisure or to better society’


‘Citizen’s taking it into their own hands to act as journalists, broadcasting their own ‘news.’’

 Social media holds a strong importance for the publication of citizen journalism, small voices find value in being able to post and share on this public sphere

Do you see any value in the importance of being able to post, see and communicate about social and political issues online as freely as we do?


There is importance in that some people/groups who have important issues to discuss will never have their story heard on traditional media platforms. Social media opens up our knowledge and understanding of the world.


It is extremely valuable, and a form of freedom, to be able to produce, share and discuss content/issues occurring nationally/internationally and also has the potential to provide a sense of community and security.

Regulation and control in audiences and social media hold a valuable part in society although classification codes can constrict individuals from accessing real news in real time, the national classification code on regular media forms such as radio, television and film can be seen as shown below;


Classification decisions are to give effect, as far as possible, to the following principles:

  1. Adults should be able to read, hear, see and play what they want;
  2. Minors should be protected from material likely to harm or disturb them;
  3. Everyone should be protected from exposure to unsolicited material that they find offensive;
  4. The need to take account of community concerns about:
  • Depictions that condone or incite violence, partially sexual violence; and
  • The portrayal of persons in a demeaning manner.


This is when the value and freedom of online resources such as twitter become useful in contemporary society news and storytelling, the allowance of anyone formal and informal thread being shared and exposed allows a wider reading knowledge and understanding of contemporary issues and topics. The majority of ‘young people’ resourced for this digital project believe that there is a strong importance of being able to access news online as this form of media is their main form of access to news. The convenience of real time storytelling with media platform Twitter is a valuable resource in news telling especially with generation Y users as a communication and sharing tool. ‘Social media has also been utilized in authoritarian, non-democratic societies. Xin explored the citizen journalism phenomenon in China, where mainstream media is still under tight ideological control. Xin argues that citizen journalism is advantageous over mainstream journalism because it greatly enhances public participation. In the first two case studies, Xin demonstrates the ways in which citizen journalism complements mainstream media by positioning itself as an alternative news source for time-sensitive news. These “watchdog” journalists helped publicise social injustices but would not have been as influential if they hadn’t drawn government attention or the attention of a mainstream media source (@Lilywfu,, 2013)’.

Twitter has around 2,800,000 active Australian users approximately (Cowling,, 2016) people use twitter to access news forms daily most people refer to online sources as a way to justify what they hear on traditional news forms. Most of the respondents participating in this research projected noted the freedom we have with being able to ‘informally’ post online and the freedom of discussion.

Do you feel more interconnected with news stories on social media rather than traditional media platforms i.e. TV, Radio- If so why do you feel this way?


Yes, the ability to engage interests me. I don’t have to accept the first report as the truth


Yes, because of accessibility and convenience.  They can be listened to, watched or read at anytime and anywhere, as many times as possible.


Yes. The opinion of the people is what news is all about.

Unfortunately, the mainstream media try and have us believe this but we all know it’s driven by others.

A study conducted by the American Press surveyed how ‘twitter changes the way people get news?’- they found that twitter users tend to be younger than social media users in general twitter is an increasing source for news and making tweets about the news. The API has correlated a set of statistics based on survey findings in regards to ‘using twitter as a news source’

  • Nearly 9 in 10 Twitter users in the study (86%) say they use Twitter for news, and the vast majority of those (74%) do so daily.
  • Roughly the same number of people say they use Twitter to be alerted to breaking news (40%) as to keep up with the news generally (39%).
  • 82% of Twitter users access the platform on their phones and many access Twitter across multiple devices.

The importance that online news telling is becoming increasingly stronger a majority of young people in contemporary society believe that this media platform does and will continue to hold a great deal of importance in terms of news and storytelling as the ‘guerilla’ journalist is an increasing term in society and news telling that will grow stronger in terms of worldwide communication of breaking news and events.


 The Boston Bombing- The Twitter Story 

 In the afternoon of April 15, 2013 a marathon in Boston was shook by the denotation of two bombs that erupted an unsuspecting city. From this twitter ‘became a crucial part of the journalist’s toolkit’ (S Rogers, 2013). Within seconds of the two bombs exploding twitter was the first media platform to broadcast the event:

Studies show that most main news outlets did not broadcast the event until a full 15-30 minutes after the event had passed. Most journalists and citizens were able to source and broadcast these events instantaneously online and communicate effectively in real time. Not only could journalists and news companies use this to their advantage it proved to be an effective communication tool where videos, thoughts, concerns and social anxieties could be shared and discoverable.

Many people actually participating in the event began to live stream and tweet with their devices whilst in the midst of the action from this eventually Boston Police Department were able to utilize the sources and thousands of images, videos and text posts online to find the attackers. This was a positive outcome for the successfulness of investigators as not only were the able to organise a man hunt with the resources that the online world had provided but also proved to be an extreme help in building a strong case against the accused and correlate a series and timeline of events.


This account can be seen as a prime example of how citizens interact and act with the news on social media. The strong usage of media devices in public spaces in this instance were useful for presenting ‘real time’ news to the public and raised awareness to the city and the world of the incident and kept upkeep with live updates that eventually helped the success in solving the case to a tragic event and allowed for easy communication between the community throughout the time of the event.



Overall analysis of the value of citizen journalism in contemporary society.

Empire Fox Gifs FBI Phone Sidibe Becky Running.gif

 When looking at understanding the value of citizen journalism in society- personally I believe that to myself this is an important part of who we are and freedom of speech as many countries try to regulate the media and tend to be extremely bias in their story telling – the more ‘informal’ ways that the news is shared is important in understanding the real and raw thoughts of society and allows for a plethora of discussion, debate and social change. The freedom we are allowed with using our media devices in society is important in being able to capture and document real time breaking news and share it instantaneously with the world. As nearly all generations have access to smart phones or smart devices it is easy to communicate and share stories online without having to turn to more formal forms of traditional media news telling

Most people surveyed for this project also believe that media platforms are the most useful form of gathering news and breaking news as they have constant access to their devices therefore finding out ‘breaking news’ online that’s being shared by online users. There is a strong value most people hold with the freedom we have to discuss and debate online and also value the opinions of others to help gain deeper and broader understandings of world issues and events. As the media and technology grows so will the importance of being able to freely tell a story or post about the news online will become, it is vital for a society to function off strong communication platforms and help the flow of understanding of topics and not just be exposed to regulated governmental forms of media and storytelling.




Allan, S. (2016). Citizen Journalism. [online] Google Books. Available at:


Barthel, M. (2016). The Evolving Role of News on Twitter and Facebook. [online] Pew Research Center’s Journalism Project. Available at:


Citizen Journalists in Social Media. (2016). [Blog] TalkingPoliticsJomc. Available at:


Cowling, D. (2016). Social Media Statistics Australia – January 2016. [online] Available at:


Goode, L. (2016). Social news, citizen journalism and democracy. [online] Sage Journals. Available at:


Mashable. (2016). Citizen Journalism. [online] Available at:


Matherson, D. (2016). History of Citizen Journalism – Communication – Oxford Bibliographies – obo. [online] Available at:


Roinsetl, T. (2016). Twitter and News: How people use Twitter to get news. [online] American Press Institute. Available at:

Youtube Demonetizes Big Creators

Regulating audiences- Youtube in the home, now & then.

wiki-backgroundIn my youth and still to this day I am an avid YouTube user. First discovering YouTube in 2006-2007 when viral videos first became global phenomena’s I never was concerned about what I would find or watch I just aimlessly clicked videos I thought had funny titles and watched mainly comedy videos. Youtube sensations and fame were just budding so as I grew up I grew along with the success of my favourite performers. My parents never really regulated my use nor did they have extreme concern for what I was watching as we all shared a communal family computer my watching’s were recorded in our search history, I’d quite so often find myself showing my parents many of the videos I watched so their awareness of the context of what I was viewing was high and quite care free as this was a world beginning with minimal social anxieties because of how new and exciting it was.


I remember when I was about 15-16 years old going to watch one of my regular Youtube star’s videos being halted by a message and lock on the screen stopping me from watching certain videos from this user, now because my profile stated I was under 18 I’d no longer be able to view certain videos… this didn’t stop me quickly I figured out I’d make a new account and lie about my age so I could freely watch videos again. Content was usually a free for all and easily famous and influential Youtuber’s could broadcast their thoughts as frequently and un filtered as they wanted not only was it a free for all for people posting videos but also for online ‘trolls’ where commenting hateful or explicit content was easily allowed and frequently shared and topic of now a widespread debate and concern for the mental wellbeing of young people.


In 2016 these guidelines have changed immensely with more and more children having a widespread access to their own devices without parental locks and filters children can be exposed to a widespread of videos deemed ‘inappropriate’ which has caused quite a stir with veteran users. According to the Youtube community guidelines video ‘some people are concerned about what they/others see on our platforms with some even violating the law’. Youtube/Google platforms have re designed and enforced all their new censorship rules and guidelines which has caused some frustration with many users.


Popular Youtuber ‘@jennamarbles’ has a channel where she frequently podcasts and discusses issues and topics with her partner podcast #107 ‘The Censorship/Demonetization of Youtube’ outlines the new changes, they believe these changes are very vague and also make it easy for people to lose access to their accounts (and lively hood as some people take up making YouTube videos as a full time job) after one of the most successful and topical Youtuber/news reporter @phillipdefranco had many of his videos demonetized after these changes were made, videos that had been uploaded for over 12 months, many of his videos discuss and challenge topical events In society whilst also broad casting current local, national and international news.


“The general rules for advertiser friendly content would pertain to not being offensive or using inappropriate language, not displaying any overtly sexual content, not displaying violence, not promoting substance usage (YouTube Advertiser Friendly Terms and Conditions), and not discussing any controversial topics. Although most of these conditions are violated in many YouTubers’ content, especially the inappropriate language condition, the last is the one that is upsetting many. The main complainants are informative channels. According to YouTube’s “Advertiser Friendly” conditions, a video cannot be monetized if it contains “Controversial or sensitive subjects and events, including subjects related to war, political conflicts, natural disasters and tragedies, even if graphic imagery is not shown”. This means that any discussion of topical events that include any controversy would be considered not “Advertiser Friendly” and so those videos would be demonetized.” (iron, 2016), these new censorships could make the incentive for many videos to be demonized and decrease information which could then lead to a lack of opinion and information from a range of people as stakeholders and media regulations become more and more sensitive to the news and limit peoples social media freedom and research.





YouTube community guidelines


Jenna Julien- The Censorship/Demonetization of YouTube


YouTube Demonetizes Big Creators


Attention, presence and place- The positives and big negative


Attention defined in (, 2016) as

  1. a concentration of the mind on a single object or thought, especially one preferentially selected from a complex, with a view to limiting or clarifying receptivity by narrowing the range of stimuli.
  2. a state of consciousness characterized by such concentration.
  3. a capacity to maintain selective or sustained concentration.

As I write this post and when I write many of my blog posts or do an assignment I have 8 tabs open on my computer (insert screenshot). Not only am I active on my media platform on my laptop but also on my iPhone I am continually scrolling through social media apps such as snapchat, Instagram, twitter and Facebook messenger. I quite often spend my time around people and friends and during that time not only is my attention paid to them but also to the media space that is on my phone… I guess you could say it’s a multiple ‘x A LOT’ tasking as there’s usually more than one activity going on either face to face or face to phone.

Looking around at my generation they are extremely technological and can adapt to the changes quite quickly. I find most of my peers can multi task with their devices to the same caliber of one another this can have a negative and positive outcome. I think this has positively allowed strongly attentive people to be able to not only socialize but also take not and be efficient in a work place at the same time for example most students are able to take notes on their devices whilst also having multiple research tabs open and listen attentively to their lectures (although sometimes this can be debatable).

One of the major consequences of a lack of attention or concentration to the right thing can be seen in the high risks young people take whilst texting and driving. I remember being tagged in a video on Facebook and quite hesitantly watched it ( the video follows a group of young people aged 18-25 listing the variety of applications they use on their phone whilst driving and quite so effortlessly admitting to how frequently they use and even manage to crack a joke about it every once in a while, their tone and attitude shows how light heartily they think about this and how their mentality is so set on ‘it can’t happen to me’, their excuses for using their phones whilst driving are poorly and they state how the passengers role in the car is now ‘more important than the drivers’ as they are their alert system. The second half of the video confronts drivers with a young woman who not only lost her mother and father in a car accident by a driver distracted on his phone but also left half her body paralyzed and speech impaired. As hard hitting and tragic as this story is I feel it is far too common and the effect that it had on me was unfortunately minimal as at times I still do find myself checking my phone or answering a ‘quick text’.

Our generation whilst also being extremely technologically advanced can also be extremely detrimental to our society, safety and wellbeing.


Ethical dilemma or common sense? Media devices in public spaces

I cannot think of many places where mobile media devices aren’t used for ‘passing time’ or used to capture or document opportunities. There’s not many public spaces that I can think of where people aren’t on their devices. Looking at my space around UOW it’s a rarity that you do not see a media device in someone’s hand or a public space that doesn’t offer the luxury of a media device. The days I take the free shuttle service into university the first thing I make sure that’s fully charged and packed is my headphones and iPhone and without fail every single time I step onto that bus there are heads are looking down or dazed out the window lost in a world of their social medias, walking out of the bus stop heads are still down typing and swiping away ‘passing the time’ of sitting and walking to their destination. I feel that in a public space my media device is my social security as I can easily escape the ‘awkwardness’ of situations and public spaces i.e. sitting it waiting rooms, avoiding people I don’t want to talk to in public, waiting for friends, walking to class, training at the gym etc.

I often find myself going out to lunch on many occasions with the same friends I’d interact with on social media, instead of physically showing them on my phone something I’ve seen id find myself saying “oh check out what I tagged you in” and a conversation would flourish on an online world as we’d become lost again in our devices it is not considered ‘rude’ or ‘un attentive’ when I am with them in a public space but also consumed on what is going on with my online world but stepping into my family home it becomes a different story. In the spaces I share with family members at a dining room or public café/restaurant, shopping mall or grocer the common phrase of the day would be “get off that phone” it is only then when I feel a sense of unease about my actions and only then would I do so. In my private home space there are no rules and no limits to my media usage and similar goes for my public space and by my own personal observation looks the same for many young people in society.


I don’t entirely think that using your media device in a public space is a major ethical dilemma when looking at it as an issue it could relate to such things like phone usage whilst driving or when people find it more fitting to use their device in a situation of need instead of helping. This afternoon I watched a clip on Facebook posted by PRIME 7 Australia (link below) of a woman who had collapsed in a store of a ‘suspected drug overdose’ whilst her two-year old child was crying over her trying to wake her up. This sparked a small aggravation inside of me and made me quite distressed when someone in a public space felt the need more to film the woman on the floor collapsed and the distressed child. This is where ethics and morals of the dilemma of media in public spaces can be argued. The need of the person to film the situation and post it to the media seemed more fitting than helping a woman who had collapsed in front of her now distressed child was greater than checked vitals and trying to keep her conscious. This is when our boundaries come into question and if our medias prove of more importance than the issues in society. I think that everything comes down to situational circumstance and common sense in the debate of media devices in public spaces being an ‘ethical dilemma’.


7 News Australia article, 2016,